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Major in Plant Biology

Brief Description of the Major Field

The Plant Biology as a major field in the B. S. Biology is part of the baccalaureate degree offering of the Institute of Biological Sciences (IBS). Its institution as a major field of specialization in the B. S. Biology program was approved on April 28 2003, with the justification that as a National Center of Excellence in Biology, the IBS is mandated to nurture all basic areas in biology, one of them being plant biology. This field of specialization is designed to develop the ability of the students to understand the basic principles of plant science. A good foundation in plant science is essential in all applied studies in botany and biology, whether it is in agriculture, forestry, food science, veterinary science, molecular biology and biotechnology. Such a holistic foundation in botany will enable a better appreciation of plants not only for their utilitarian value, but also for their being an integral, unique and vital component of various ecosystems. 

As a major field in the undergraduate biology program, several students are graduating under the program since 2007. However, its first graduate can be traced in 1972 when B. S. Botany as a degree program was then offered by the Department of Botany of the College of Sciences and Humanities, which was later renamed into the College of Arts and Sciences in 1977 and the three departments (Botany, Life Sciences and Zoology) becoming the nucleus of the now Institute of Biological Sciences formally established in 1983. 

The program at present has a current teaching staff of eleven (11) faculty members (six with doctorate degree, three with master degree and two with baccalaureate degree), one professor emeritus, and four research and support staff.

Prospective Students

Prospective students include undergraduate students of bachelor’s degree in biology interested in plant sciences or closely related fields. 

Career Opportunities

Opportunities of graduates include teaching and/or research positions in the government and private sector, technical support to plant-based industries, plant science communicator/technical writer/media practitioner, and pursuance of further studies in botany, plant sciences, molecular biology, biotechnology, and medical fields.

Major Options

Students under this major field have three options on the distribution of 30 Undergraduate units as provided in the BS Biology curriculum:

  1. Thesis option (6 units BIO 200 plus 24 units major courses)
  2. Special Problem option (3 units BIO 190 plus 27 units major courses)
  3. All-course option (30 units major courses)
Within the Thirty (30) Undergraduate Courses. each student is also entitled to six (6) units of Elective courses.

Major Core Courses (12 units)

Course No.

Course Title

Units

Sem Offereda

Prerequisiteb

 BOT 20 Elementary Plant Physiology    
 3  1,2 BOT 1 or BIO 2 or BIO 3 & CHEM 15 or CHEM 16
 BOT 110 Morphology and Anatomy of Plants  
 3  1 BOT 1 or BIO 3 or COI

BOT 140 Systematics of the Spermatophytes
 3  1,2 COI

 BOT 152 Phytogeography 3  2 BOT 150 Or COI

a 1 – First Semester, 2 – Second Semester, S - Summer
b COI - Consent of Instructor

Other Major Courses (12-18 units)

Course No.

Course Title

Units

Sem Offereda

Prerequisiteb

 BOT 101 Phycology  3
 2 BOT 1 or BIO 2 or BIO 3
 BOT 111 Bryophytes and Vascular Cryptogams  3  2 COI
 BOT 120 Advance Plant Physiology  3  2 BOT 20 or COI
 BOT/HORT 131 Inorganic Plant Nutrition  3  1,2 BOT 20
  BOT/HORT 131
 Plant Growth  3  1,2 BOT 20
 BOT 142  Economic Botany  3  1,2 COI
 BOT 150  Plant Ecology  3  1,2 BOT 140 or COI
 BOT 191  Special Topics  1-3    
 BOT 192  Plant Histochemistry  3  1 CHEM40 or COI & BOT110
 BIO 151 Environmental Management  3  1,2 BIO150 or COI
 BIO 159 Conservation Biology in the Tropics  3 2 BIO150 or COI
 BIO 180 Biological Microtechniques  3  2 BOT3, ZOO3 & CHEM40
 BIO 192 Museum Herbarium Curatorship  3  2 ZOO140 and BOT140
 CHEM 160.1 Introductory Biochemistry Laboratory  2  1,2,S CHEM 160 (can be concurrent)
 CHEM 162 Plant Biochemistry  3  2 CHEM 160 or CHEM 161
PPTH 104 General Mycology  3  1,2 BIO2 or BIO3 or BOT1
 AGR 50 Principles of Plant Breeding  3  1,2  STAT 1 and BIO30
 AGR 141 Field Crop Physiology  3  1,2  CRSC2 or BOT20
 HORT 113 Plant Tissue Culture    2  BOT20 or COI
 CRSC 1 Fundamentals of Crop Science I  3  1,2  BIO 1 or BOT 1
 SOIL 1 Principles of Soil Science  3  1,2  CHEM 15 or CHEM16
 SOIL 150 Soil Fertility  3  1,2  SOIL 1 or COI
 STAT 162 Experimental Designs I  3  1,2,S  STAT 1 or COI
 STAT 164 Statistics for the Biological Sciences  3  2  STAT 1
 SFI 123 Fundamentals of Agroforestry  1,2  COI

a 1 – First Semester, 2 – Second Semester, S - Summer
b COI - Consent of Instructor