Major in Genetics and Cell & Molecular Biology

The Genetics and Molecular Biology Division (GMBD) offers two major courses, namely: Genetics and Cell and Molecular Biology. These are a part of B. S. Biology, the baccalaureate degree offering of the Institute of Biological Sciences (IBS), a National Center of Excellence in Biology that is mandated to nurture all basic areas in biology.


Brief Description of the Major Fields

Genetics as a major field is designed to enhance the ability of the students to understand and apply the principles of the science of heredity and variation. Its core concepts, such as Mendelian laws, chromosomal theory of inheritance, and characteristics of the DNA molecule, hold true for all organisms from bacteria to humans. It is an exciting field in biology which seeks to answer questions about the nature and behavior of the genetic material as expressed in the development of individuals and in the population. Further, it seeks to equip students with analytical minds in confronting current biosocial issues. A solid foundation in genetics helps students to explain chromosomal and molecular bases of biological phenomena, to verify evolutionary relationships between different species, and to elucidate interactions of molecules in relation to heredity.


Cell and Molecular Biology as a major field aims to produce graduates with strong academic background on cell structure and function as well as molecular biology concepts and techniques. It focuses on how genes, gene products and other biomolecules interact in the organization and perpetuation of life. Like Genetics, this field cuts across the different areas in biology with concepts applicable to all organisms.  It is a dynamic field in biology which requires the integration of various subject areas, like cytology, genetics, biochemistry, developmental biology, and physiology. Recent advances in genome sequencing has also revolutionized this major field with impacts on gene functions, cellular dynamics and metabolism, and other mechanisms used by the cell such as epigenetic controls to respond to different environmental stimuli.  

As  major fields in the undergraduate biology program, several students have graduated with honors (cum laude, magna cum laude, and summa cum laude).


Faculty and Staff of GMBD

Currently, GMBD has a teaching staff of 15 faculty members (four with doctorate degree, eight with master’s degree and three with baccalaureate degree), and seven research and support staff. Undergraduate and graduate students with Special Problem and Thesis options can be involved in several researches undertaken by the faculty. Currently, several faculty members are involved in the cytogenetics of orchids and fish, and molecular studies in abaca, banana, swine, fish, and bees. Students can also conduct their theses at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH), and Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice).  


Prospective Students

Prospective students include undergraduate students of bachelor’s degree in biology interested in pursuing a medical degree, research opportunities, or a teaching position in the academe.

Career Opportunities

Opportunities of graduates with major in Genetics or Cell and Molecular Biology include teaching and/or research positions in the government and private sector, technical support in institutions involved in biodiversity studies and conservation, molecular phylogeny, medical and forensic fields, biology communication and extension work, and biotechnology among others. The said major fields also provide the academic background and skills for pursuing graduate studies in genetics, medicine, molecular biology and biotechnology, and other allied fields.

Major Options

Students under this major field have three options on the distribution of 30 Undergraduate units as provided in the BS Biology curriculum:

  1. 1.Thesis option (6 units BIO 200 plus 24 units major courses)
  2. 2.Special Problem option (3 units BIO 190 plus 27 units major courses)
  3. 3.All-course option (30 units major courses)

Within the Thirty (30) Undergraduate Courses. each student is also entitled to six (6) units of Elective courses.

GMBD undergraduate program


GMBD cellbio

 Legend :         1 – First Semester, 2 – Second Semester, S - Summer
                       COI - Consent of Instructor